Lesson 2: Frame assembly

Children learn about exploded-diagrams and apply this knowledge to help them assemble the automata frame components.

Before the lesson

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Learning objectives

  • To assemble the automata frame components and supports with the help of an exploded-diagram

National curriculum


Pupils should be taught to:

  • Use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups
  • Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design



Pupils should be taught to:

  • Select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately
  • Select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities

Success criteria

Cross-curricular links

Attention grabber

Main event


Pupils needing extra support: Work with a group of pairs and oversee the assembly process. Put pairs that are of mixed ability on a table together and encourage those working at greater depth to support their peers. Break down the assembly into smaller stages. Provide the Activity: Automata design idea example and support them in generating two ideas to choose from. Use slide 8 to support pupils in realising a particular set of design criteria on your IWB.

Pupils working at greater depth: Continue working independently from ‘Lesson 1: Making a frame’. If they finish with time remaining, encourage them to support others as workshop assistant. Add detailed annotations to their design ideas.

Wrapping up

Assessing pupils' progression and understanding


Created by:
Vicki Risianova,  
Design & Technology specialist
After 4 years of being a TV and radio presenter, Vicki headed to the secondary classroom where she spent 12 years teaching Design and Technology as well as PE. Working as a subject leader, she ran D&T tournaments and weekly…
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