Lesson 3: Mark making with chalk

Mark making outdoors with chalk, practising creating patterns in a new medium and identifying similarities and differences between the drawing tools used.

Learning objectives

  • To explore making marks with chalk.
  • To make controlled large and small movements.
  • To compare different ways of making marks and drawing.

EYFS outcomes

Physical development

  • Develop small motor skills so that they can use a range of tools competently, safely and confidently.
  • Develop overall body-strength, balance, co-ordination and agility.
  • Develop the foundations of a handwriting style which is fast, accurate and efficient.
  • ELG: Fine Motor Skills: Use a range of small tools, including scissors, paint brushes and cutlery.
  • ELG: Fine Motor Skills: Begin to show accuracy and care when drawing.


Expressive arts and design

  • Explore, use and refine a variety of artistic effects to express ideas and feelings.
  • ELG: Creating with materials: Safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.


Characteristics of effective learning

  • Playing and exploring.


Outcomes taken from Development Matters, 2021.

ELGs taken from the Statutory framework for the EYFS, 2021.

Before the lesson


Teacher notes

Key vocabulary

Prompts for learning


Next steps

To begin to explore mark making using pencils.

To look more closely at mark making and drawing for a purpose.

Note any specific next steps for individual pupils.

Created by:
Sophie Pickles EYFS,  
Art and Design specialist
Sophie is an¬†expert Early Years consultant. She has spent many years both teaching in Reception and leading, in her role of Head of Early Years and senior manager at an outstanding-rated, child-led setting. Sophie now works with many national educational…
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