Art & design: Formal elements of art

Exploring two of the formal elements of art: shape and tone; children find shapes in everyday objects; use shapes as guidelines to draw accurately from observation; create form and shape using wire and practice shading neatly and from light to dark

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Lesson 1: Shape 1: Seeing simple shapes

Children go on a shape hunt around the school, identifying, drawing and labelling the different shapes that make up the objects they find


Lesson 2: Shape 2: Geometry

Taking a simple drinks can, children learn to first study an object to identify the simple geometric shapes it's made up of, before sketching out the details using light guidelines


Lesson 3: Shape 3: Working with wire

Following one of two templates, children work with wire, bending and twisting it to create the form of a fish, using smaller pieces of wire to add features


Lesson 4: Tone 1: The four rules of shading

Children learn and apply the four rules of shading; to work evenly and neatly, in one direction, with straight edges and no gaps


Lesson 5: Tone 2: Shading from light to dark

Continuing with their work on tone, pupils employ their patience to practice shading smoothly from light to dark, filling the outline and background of an animal template with tone, contrasting the background with the inside of the template