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Art & Design vocabulary

These definitions of art and design-related vocabulary are primarily intended to develop teachers’ own subject knowledge.

 

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  • 2D shapesFlat shapes which just have a length and a width.
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  • 3 D formSolid shapes which have three dimensions: height, length and width
  • 3D drawingA drawing of a solid three-dimensional object, which shows its height, length and width
  • 3D shapesSolid shapes with three dimensions: height, length and width.
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  • AbstractArtwork made from colour, shape, pattern rather than objects which you recognise
  • Air drying clayClay that does not need to be fired to dry it
  • Andy GoldsworthyAndy Goldsworthy is a contemporary environmental artist known mainly for his sculptural work.     He creates sculptures using natural materials, such as brightly coloured flowers, icicles, leaves, mud, pinecones, snow, stone, twigs, and thorns. His work is usually temporary and is photographed to record it. His work is known as land art.     His inspiration comes from nature itself and from the land art movement of the 1960s and ’70s.     Artists who also work with natural materials and the environment include Richard Long, Guiseppe Penone, Nancy Holt, Robert Smithson, and David Nash.     You can see an example of one of Andy Goldsworthy’s works on Link: ‘Red leaf patch’  on the digital catalogue of the University of Glasgow.   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Andy Goldsworthy   Kapow Primary Art: KS1: Y1: Sculptures and collages: Plant collage
  • Ann RothAnn Roth is a contemporary American textile designer who first learned to weave on a floor loom in 1975.   Her work focuses on colour and pattern and she draws inspiration from old textiles from many parts of the world.   Find out more about Ann Roth   Link: ‘Ann Roth biography’ on Ann Roth.com   Link: ‘Ann Roth’ on TextileArtist.org   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Ann Roth   Link: Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Year 3: Craft: Weaving other materials    
  • AnthropomorphismTo make an animal or object behave like it is human
  • AssemblagesArt created by sticking random found objects together
  • AssembleTo put all parts together to form the final product.
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  • BanksyBanksy is an anonymous England-based street artist, vandal, political activist, and film director, active since the 1990s.   He uses streets and public spaces to place his artwork which has social and political commentary at its heart. His most common technique is using pre-cut stencils and spray paints. Banksy is known as a street artist.   He was influenced by the graffiti artists Inkie and 3D, and by the Bristol underground scene.    Banksy’s work influences many street artists including Blek le Rat, Bambi, Lady Aiko, and Plastic Jesus.   Find out more about Banksy   Link: ‘Banksy’  on the BBC newsround website   Link: ‘Banksy’ on Wikiart   Kapow Primary lesson plan to lead a discussion on one of  Banksy’s works    Kapow Primary: Art: UKS2: Y5: Every picture tells a story: Evaluating a Banksy mural 
  • Beatriz Milhazes  Beatriz Milhazes is a contemporary artist from Brazil, who lives in New York, America.   She is a collage artist, printmaker, and painter, who uses abstract shapes and very bright colours.   She is influenced by the artists Piet Mondrian, Tarsila do Amarol, Henri Matisse, Bridget Riley.   Beatriz Mihazes uses many references to traditional Brazilian Folk Art in her use of shape and colours, inspired by the carnival and festivals of her native country.   You can see some of her works on this link on Google Arts and Culture   Related lesson on Kapow Primary   In the Kapow Primary year 1 formal elements of art unit, the children are inspired by the work of Beatriz Milhazes to create their own abstract compositions using circles and bright colours in this lesson.
  • Ben Nicholson  Ben Nicholson was a British painter and important artist in the mid and later 20th century until his death in 1982.   Ben was an English painter of abstract compositions (sometimes in low relief), landscape and still-life, using of squares, circles, and rectangles.   He was influenced by Cubism and by the artists Piet Mondrian and Pablo Picasso.   Ben was married to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth. They both had significant influences on each other’s work, especially in the use of shape and form.   Artists also working in this way include Louise Nevelson and Mary Martin.   Find out more about Ben Nicholson   Link: ‘Ben Nicholson’ on Google Arts & Culture   Link: ‘Ben Nicholson’ on Tate Kids website   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Ben Nicholson   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Still life: Composition
  • BlendTo gradually and gently join two colours, tones or images together
  • Bridget Riley  Bridget Riley is an English artist who created the abstract style of black and white geometric patterns in the 1960’s.  The style became known as Op Art. She is a painter but has also worked on large scale wall murals and with glass. Bridget was influenced by the French artist Georges Seurat, and his pointillist technique and use of colour to create optical effects. She influenced fashion of that time, notably designers like Mary Quant. Artists Ross Bleckner and Philip Taaffe made paintings paying homage to the work of Riley in the 1980s. Find out more about Bridget Riley on: Link: ‘Bridget Riley on WikiArt’   Link: ‘Bridget Riley on Google Art & Culture’   Kapow Primary lessons relevant to Bridget Riley Art: Link: KS1: Y1: Formal elements of art: Abstract shapes   Art: Links: KS1:Y1: Formal elements of art: Exploring line    
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  • Carl Giles  Born in 1916, Carl started his artistic career as an animator and became a major newspaper cartoonist from 1947 to 1991.  He died in 1995.   He created a cartoon ‘Giles Family’, which was a fantasy of a working-class household living a comfortable middle-class life. The most popular character was Grandma.   He was influenced by the cartoonist for Punch, Graham Laidler (known as Pont) and by Bruce Bairnsfather.   His ‘back to school’ feature of 1953 inspired artist Leo Baxendale to create the comic strip ‘The Bash Street Kids’ which featured in the comic, The Beano.   Find out more about Carl Giles   Link: ‘Carl Giles Obituary’ on the Independent website   Kapow Primary lesson featuring the work of Carl Giles   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y3: Art & design skills: Learning about….Carl Giles
  • CarnivoresAnimals that eat meat
  • CartoonA illustration or animated film designed to be funny
  • CeramicsPottery such as plates, bowls and vases which could be made from clay
  • CharcoalA black, crumbly drawing material made of carbon and often used for sketching
  • ChoreographTo plan, arrange and put together
  • Clarice CliffClarice Cliff was an English ceramic artist, active from 1922 to 1963.   She created a new modern form of ceramics, known as Bizarre art. These were very geometric in design and pattern and hand-painted with bright colours.   Clarice Cliff was influenced by the art of the native American Indian. The Art Deco movement had a major influence on her work and her success.   Another Art Deco artist with a similar bold style was Charles Rennie Mackintosh.    Her work was much imitated and copied during her lifetime and since her death.   Find out more about Clarice Cliff   Link ‘Clarice Cliff’ on the V&A website   Link‘The Original Clarice Cliff Website’   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Clarice Cliff   Kapow Primary Art: KS1: Y2: Art &design skills: Design: Clarice cliff plates  
  • CollaborationWorking together as a group on one piece of artwork
  • Colour washA very light layer of colour usually made using ink or paint
  • ComicA series of drawings which tell a story
  • CompositionWhere the shapes or objects are put in a picture
  • Concentric circlesCircles that all have the same centre. They fit inside each other and are the same distance apart all the way around
  • Contemporary ArtThe art of today, made in the second half of the 20th century or in the 21st century.
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  • DadaA modern Art movement which makes fun at the modern world.
  • Damien Hirst  Damien Hirst is a contemporary British artist born in 1965. He is the most prominent member of the group known as the Young British Artists (or YBAs), who dominated the art scene in the UK during the 1990s.   His style changes over the years and his work has included preserved dead animals, dot paintings, large statues re-creating toys and models, medicine cabinets, rotting animal heads and butterflies.   He was influenced by the artist Julian Spalding and Michael Craig Martin in his art college days.   Find out more about Damien Hirst   Link: ‘Damien Hirst’ on Google Arts & Culture Link: ‘Damien Hirst website’   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Damien Hirst   Kapow Primary: Art: KS1: Ys: Human form: Lesson 2 Skulls
  • David Hockney  David Hockney is a British artist who has worked since the 1960s. His early work was part of the Pop art movement. His artwork includes painting, printmaking, digital, design, video/film, the iPhone, and photography, portraiture, landscapes, and his famous swimming pool series.   He has been influenced by the artists Piero della Francesca, Pablo Picasso, Jean Dubuffet and Henri Matisse.   In 2011 David Hockney was voted the most influential British artist of all time, in a poll of 1,000 British painters and sculptors.   David is one of the first well-known artists to create work using the iPhone and iPad.   Find out more about David Hockney on these links:   Link: ‘David Hockney’ on WikiArt Link:‘David Hockney’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons featuring David Hockney   Art: KS1: Y1: Formal elements of art: Line 2 Art: LKS2: Y4: Every picture tells a story: My parents  
  • David Shrigley  David is a contemporary visual artist who works in a range of media.   He is mainly known for his humorous cartoon-like drawings, illustrations, and witty writing. He mainly uses black ink on white paper.   David says that his early influences were from record covers.    Similar styles using pen and ink can be seen in the work of illustrators David Stone Martin, Terence Greer, and Sarah Maycock.   Find out more about David Shrigley   Link: ‘David Shrigley’s website’   Link: ‘David Shrigley’ on the Tate website   Kapow Primary lessons referring to David Shrigley   Kapow Primary Art: Y6: Make my voice heard: Clay sculpture lesson 5
  • Day of the DeadA national holiday in Mexico to celebrate the dead
  • Diego Velázquez  Diego Velázquez was a Spanish painter and leading artist in the court of King Philip IV in the first half of the seventeenth century.   He painted using broad brushstrokes and mainly created portraits.   Some of his work shows the influence of Caravaggio in its uses of light and dark.  Caravaggio was famous for a technique called chiaroscuro which emphasises the contrast between light and dark shadows.   His work became a model for realist and Impressionist painters.   In the 20th century, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and Francis Bacon recreated some of his work.   Find out more about Diego Velázquez   Link: Diego Velásquez’ on the National Gallery website   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Diego Velázquez   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2:Y3: Art and design skills: painting tints and shades  
  • DiptychA painting that can be closed like a book.
  • Dot matrixA series of dots to create the look of a colour or tone
  • Drawing mediumsMaterials to draw with such as ink, graphite, charcoal, pastel
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  • Ed Ruscha  Ed Ruscha is an American artist who is associated with the Pop Art movement because of his use of flat lines and bright colours. But his work spans many decades and styles.   He has worked in painting, printing, drawing, photography, and film and many of his works feature words and text.   He was influenced by John McLaughlin and Robert Rauschenberg and their paintings and by all the work of Marcel Duchamp.     Ed has influenced many graphic designers of the 20th and 21st century and the whole movement of artists’ books.   Find out more about Ed Ruscha   Link:‘Ed Ruscha’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Edward Ruscha’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Ed Ruscha   Kapow Primary Art: KS1:Y2: Formal elements of art: Tone 1: 3D pencil drawings
  • Edouard Martinet  Edouard Martinet is a contemporary French artist and sculptor, born in 1963.   He collects scrap materials and scrap metal and then draws and designs 3D sculptures (usually animals or insects) by joining the various parts together.   He was influenced by a teacher who introduced him to the world of insects.   Artists who also create insects include Elizabeth Goluch, Raku Inoue, Susan Beatrice, Rosalind Monks, and Mike Libby.   This style of art influences fashion, in what is called ‘steampunk’.   Find out more about Edouard Martinet   Link: ‘Edouard Martinet’ on the Sladmore Contemporary website   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Edouard Martinet   Art: KS1:Y1: Sculptures and models: Junk model animals
  • Edvard Munch  Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter active between the turn of the 20th century and his death in 1944.    He was part of the German Expressionist movement and is semi realistic in showing the human condition, a lot of it about human pain and anguish. His best-known work, The Scream, has become one of the most well recognised images of world art.   Munch was influenced by the work of Claude Monet, Edouard Manet, and by the post-impressionism artists Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, and Paul Gauguin.   Similar artists include Egon Schiele and Francis Bacon.   Find out more about Edvard Munch   Link: ‘Edvard Munch’ on Google Arts and Culture   Link: ‘Edvard Munch’ on the Norwegian National Museum website   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Edvard Munch   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: year 6: photography: expressions in photography’
  • Edward HopperEdward Hopper was American painter and printmaker who was active in the mid-20th century.  He was born in 1882 and died in 1957.   His style is realism and the subjects of his paintings, drawings and prints depict his personal vision of American life.   Edward was influenced by the American Ashcan art movement, his teachers William Merritt Chase and Robert Henri.    He has influenced filmmakers such as Alfred Hitchcock, Photographers such as Lee Friedlander and Diane Arbus.   Find out more about Edward Hopper   Link: ‘Edward Hopper’ on Google Arts & Culture   Link: Edward Hopper’ on WikiArt   Kapow Primary lesson featuring Edward Hopper   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2:Y4: Table for Ladies    Kapow Primary Art: UK:UKS2: Y6: Learning about Edward Hopper
  • Edward WestonEdward Weston was an American photographer of the twentieth century who died in 1958.   He is considered a master of 20th-century photography. His work includes landscapes, trees, rocks, still lives, nudes, portraits, genre scenes and even fun parodies, and is mainly black and white photography.   He was influenced by both the thinking and work of photographer Margrethe Mather. He also learnt much from the landscape work of Ansel Adams. He himself worked alongside and influenced photographer Tina Modotti.    Find out more about Edward Weston   Link: ‘Edward Weston’ on Google Arts and Culture   Link: ‘Edward Weston’ on WikiArt   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Edward Weston   Kapow Primary Art KS2: Y6: Photography: Macro photography
  • Edwina BridgemanEdwina Bridgeman is a contemporary British artist who is involved in many community arts projects.   Her mixed media work is associated with Folk Art. She creates assemblages from found objects. These are often characters, people, animals.    She is influenced by narratives and stories and everyday life, as well as the textile designer Hannag Ryggen.   Julie Arkell is an artist who works in a similar way and there is a visual link to the animations of Tim Burton.   Find out more about Edwina Bridgeman   Link: ‘Edwina Bridgeman’s website’     Link: ‘The Orchard Exhibition by Edwina Bridgeman’ on the Guardian website   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Edwina Bridgeman   Kapow Primary Art: KS1; Y2: Human form: Clothes peg figures  
  • El AnatsuiEl Anatsui is a contemporary sculptor from Ghana who currently lives and works in Nigeria.  He is an honorary member of the Royal Academy and was Professor of Sculpture and Departmental Head at the University of Nigeria.   He transforms simple, everyday materials into striking large-scale sculptural installations, using materials such as drinks cans, woodchips, bottles, bottle tops. He is interested in art about consumerism, and the environment.    El Anatsui is influenced by traditional Ghanaian cloth, he often weaves his objects together, like tapestries. Ghanaian beliefs and customs also influence his designs.   Gustav Klimt worked in a similar way, but through painting.   Find out more about El Anatsui   Link: ‘El Anatsui’ on the Tate website   Link: ‘El Anatsui’ on the Royal Academy website     Kapow Primary lesson inspired by El Anatsui   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y4: Sculpture:  El Anatsui    
  • EtchingA printing process created by scratching lines onto the plate, applying ink and then paper
  • ExoskeletonsAnimals with skeletons on the outside have exoskeletons
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  • FeaturesParts of the face, such as eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Fiona Rae  Fiona Rae RA is a contemporary British artist. She is one of the Young British Artists who rose to prominence in the 1990s.    She is an abstract painter, who uses bright colours and uses graphics, fonts, and icons in her work.   Fiona Rae creates her ideas digitally before turning them into paintings.   She was influenced by the work of Andy Warhol and has influenced the work of artists Jonas Wood and Keltie Ferris.   Fiona was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1991 and is Professor of Painting at the Royal Academy.   Find out more about Fiona Rae   Link: ‘Fiona Rae’s website’   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Fiona Rae   Kapow Primary Art: KS2:Y4: Every picture tells a story: Fiona Rae
  • Friedensreich HundertwasserFriedrich Stowasser (December 15, 1928 – February 19, 2000), better known as Friedensreich Hundertwasser, was an Austrian-born New Zealand visual artist.   His work as an artist, printmaker and designer was intended to break away from the idea of straight lines.   He favoured colourful, ornamental, biomorphic lines, and shapes. Known as an Avant Garde artist with his own unique style.   Hundertwasser used his art to campaign for a cleaner environment, sustainability, and created architectural forms/buildings as well as paintings.   His architectural work is similar to that of Antoni Gaudi and Frank Gehry. He was also influenced by artist Gustav Klimt.   He planted thousands of trees in New Zealand and built his own Museum in Austria.   Find out more about Friedensreich Hundertwasser   Link: ‘See the inventive work of Friedrich Hundertwasser’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons inspired by Friedensreich Hundertwasser   ‘Kapow Primary Art: Year 5: Formal elements of art : Architecture: Hundertwasser House’
  • FrottageA rubbing
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  • GuidelinesSketching lines and marks to help plan the scale and shape of the object you are drawing
  • Guiseppe Arcimboldo  Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526– 11 July 1593) was an Italian painter.   His style is unique.   He is best known for creating imaginative portrait heads made entirely of objects such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, fish, and books, although he also produced more conventional work, animal studies, portraits etc.   The works of Arcimboldo, especially his multiple images and visual puns, were rediscovered in the early 20th century by Surrealist artists such as Salvador Dalí.    His influence can also be seen in the work of Hew Locke and Vik Muniz, who also create portraits from unusual objects.   Find out more about Guiseppe Arcimboldo   LINK:  ‘Guiseppe Arcimboldo biography’  on  guiseppe arcimboldo.org   LINK: ‘Guiseppe Arcimboldo’ on WikiArt   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Guiseppe Arcimboldo   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y4: Arcimboldo
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  • Hannah HochHannah Hoch, a German artist, was active from the 1920’s until her death in 1978.   A member of the Dada group, she is best known for her photomontages and is seen as the pioneer of this art form, cutting and sticking photographic images together to form a new image/composition.   She was influenced by fellow Dada artists Raoul Hausmann and Kurt Schwitters.   Artists who also work in this style include Peter Kennard, John Heartfield, Lola Dupre.   During the second world war, Hannah was seen as disruptive by the Nazi regime so did not display any work publicly at this time.   Find out more about Hannah Hoch   Link: ‘Hannah Hoch’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Hannah Hoch’ on Artswork   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Hannah Hoch   Kapow Primary Art KS2: Y6: Photography: Photomontage
  • Hermann Rorschach  Hermann Rorschach (1884 – 1922) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.   He was not an artist but his own interest in art led him to create the famous Rorschach test, a set of inkblots that were used experimentally to measure various unconscious parts of a person’s personality.   Hermann’s father was an art teacher and encouraged him to be creative through drawing and painting. He used to enjoy making inkblot images.   His influence was on psychiatry and how people interpreted the images in different ways, so allowing a doctor to understand how they were thinking. They also inspired artwork by Michael Salu based on a Rorschach inkblot and the Andy Warhol work Rorschach 1984.
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  • Iberê Bassani Camargo  Camargo was a Brazilian painter, active throughout the middle of the 20th century.   He was of the greatest Expressionist artists from his country, which includes paintings, drawings, gouaches, and engravings. His early work, portraits, landscape, and townscape but his later work in the 70’s and 80’s became increasingly abstract.   His teacher João Fahrion was a strong influence on him in the early years. Camargo also worked alongside Geza Heller and Elisa Byinton.    Painting in a similar style is seen in the work of Oswaldo Goeldi and Oskar Kokoschka.   Find out more about Camargo    Link: ‘Iberê Bassani Camargo’ on Google Arts and Culture     Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Camargo   ‘Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6 Still life: charcoal:
  • IllustratorAn artist who draws pictures for books
  • Ilya Bolotowsky  Ilya Bolotowsky was a leading early 20th-century Russian American abstract painter. Bolotowsky used horizontal and vertical geometric patterns and painted using only primary and neutral colours. His work embraced cubism and influenced by Dutch painter Piet Mondrian. As a teacher, he taught and influenced the painter Kenneth Noland. Find out more about Ilya Bolotowsky Link: Ilya Bolotowsky   on WikiArt   Link: Ilya Bolotowsky on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Ilya Bolotowsky KS1: Y1: Art and design skills: Drawing: Experimenting with media
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  • Jaromír Funke  Jaromír Funke (1896 – 1945) was a Czech photographer. Funke was a leading figure in Czech photography during the 1920s and 1930s.   His black and white photographs (particularly) of still lives play with shadow and light and composition. Funke also photographed people and places. He was a Modernist Avant Garde artist.   He was influenced by several art movements including Cubism, New Objectivity, Abstract Art, and Surrealism. Funke was also influential as a teacher in higher education art schools.   Find out more about Jaromír Funke    Link: ‘Jaromír Funke’ on Google Arts and Culture     Kapow Primary lessons referring to Jaromír Funke   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Still life: Composition   Kapow Primary: Art: KS2: Y6: Still life: Charcoal
  • Jasper Johns  Jasper Johns is an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker born in 1930. His work is associated with the art movements of Abstract Expressionism, Neo-Dada, and Pop Art.   Jasper was influenced in his early career by Merce Cunningham, the dancer, John Cage the composer/musician and Robert Rauschenberg the artist.   His best-known work is “Flag” painted in 1955. One of his Flag paintings was sold in 2010 for a reported $110 million.   Jasper Johns appears as himself in a 1998 episode of the television series The Simpsons.   Here are some links to more information about Jasper Johns:

    Kapow Primary lessons referring to Jasper Johns   Link: KS1 Y1 Formal elements of art: Colour 2: Painting with colour  

  • Jerry Uelsmann  Jerry Uelsmann is an American photographer, born in 1934 and still making work today (2020).   His work uses different negatives from photos taken from landscapes and places to create dreamlike and surreal montage images.   Jerry’s teachers in his college days were the photographers Ralph Hattersley, and Minor White, who were a big influence on his work and ideas.    Similar photomontage artists include Scott Mutter, Man Ray, Thomas Barbey, and John Stezaker.   Find out more about Jerry Uelsmann   Link: Jerry Uelsmann’ on his website   Link: ‘Jerry Uelsmann’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Jerry Uelsmann   Kapow Primary: Art: KS2: Photography: Photomontage
  • Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaJoaquin Sorolla y Bastida was a Spanish painter, who specialised in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes.  He was born in 1863 and died in 1923.   He was influenced by the artist Velasquez in the way that he composed some of his work.   His style was realistic oil paintings which he liked to do outside in daylight in the Spanish sun.   He was friends with the artist John Singer Sergeant and they influenced each other in their use of light and the way they brought their subjects to life.   Find out more about Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida   Link: ‘Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida’ on WikiArt Link:‘Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida’  on Google Art & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons featuring Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida   Art: KS1Y1; Landscape (seaside theme)   Art:KS1LY1: Landscapes: Shades and colours   Art:KS1:Y1: Landscapes: Beach collages
  • John Dearle  John Henry Dearle was a 19th-century textile and stained-glass artist, trained by artist William Morris.   He was influenced by William Morris and the Pre Raphaelite-Brotherhood group of painters who often included pattern and decoration in their work. This interest also developed into the use of both Persian and Turkish art and pattern in later work.   His style continued the work of William Morris and was often thought to be the work of Morris. Like Morris, his designs were a major influence on the craft movement of the 20th century.   Find out more about John Dearle   Link: ‘John Dearle’ on the V&A website   Link: ‘John Dearle” on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons referring to John Dearle   Link: Kapow Primary: Art and design: KS1:Y1:Sculptures and collages: Plant collage
  • John Singer Sargent  American by birth but based in Europe and London, John Singer Sergent was a leading portrait painter of his time from about 1885 until his death in 1925.   He worked in oils and watercolours and often without any pre-drawing. This is known as the Prima method of painting. His style was Realism.   He was influenced by the Spanish painter Velasquez.   In 1918 he was commissioned to create an artwork showing American and British cooperation World war 1.   He travelled to the Western Front, saw soldiers who had been gassed with mustard gas and created his masterpiece ‘Gassed” which is in the Imperial War Museum.   Find out more about John Singer Sargent   Link: ‘John Singer Sargent’ on Wikiart   Link: ‘John Singer Sargent’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson about John Singer Sargent   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y5: Every picture tells a story: John Singer Sargent
  • Julian Opie  Julian Opie is a contemporary British artist born in 1958.  He has been very influential in British art since the 1980’s.   He was part of the New British Sculpture Movement and his work focuses mainly on people and on movement. He also designs LED sculptures and creates digital portraits in a Pop Art/Minimalist style.   Julian is inspired by new technologies, the Tin Tin novels, and illustrations by Herge and his art college teacher Michael Craig Martin.   Similar style work is created by Japanese artists Yoshitomo Nara and Takashi Murakami.   Julian designed the album cover for the band Blur ‘The Best Of’ in 2000.   Find out more about Julian Opie   Link: ‘Julian Opie’s website’   Link: ‘Julian Opie’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Julian Opie   Link: Kapow Primary: Art: KS1:Y2: Human form: Opie-style portraits
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  • Kandinsky  Wassily Kandinsky was born in Russia and died in France. He produced his most important art between 1920 when he moved to Germany and his death in 1944.   He is known as the first abstract (non-figurative) artist. He has had a huge influence on the development of this style throughout the 20th Century.   Wassily was influenced by the colourful folk art of the Vologda region of Russia and by the Impressionist work of Claude Monet.    Kandinsky had a condition called synaesthesia; where senses merge together: he could hear each colour as he painted.    Here are examples of his work: Link: ‘Wassily Kandisnky’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Wassily Kandisnky’ on Google Art and Culture   Kapow Primary lessons featuring Wassily Kandinsky   Computing:

    KS1 Year 1 Computing: Getting started: Drawing Shapes

    Art and design:

    KS1 Year 1 Art: Drawing: Experimenting with media

    RSE:

    KS1: Y2: Experiencing different feelings: lesson 1

    Wellbeing:

    KS1:Y2: Wonderful me: Looking out

     

  • Käthe Kollwitz  Käthe Kollwitz was an early twentieth-century German artist who worked with painting, printmaking (including etching, lithography, and woodcuts) and sculpture.    She was born in 1867 and died in 1945.   Her work portrays human suffering, she lived through wars and her own son died in World War 1.    She was a Realist and Expressionist.   Expressionists and Bauhaus artists inspired Kollwitz in her ability to show expression in her artwork. She was also inspired by the etchings of Max Klinger.   Other artists who showed the anguish of war include Otto Dix and Georges Grosz. Dorothea Lange’s famous photo ‘Migrant Mother’ echoes the subject content of Kathe Kollwitz.   Find out more about Käthe Kollwitz   Link: ‘Käthe Kollwitz’ on MoMa.org   Link: ‘Käthe Kollwitz’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Käthe Kollwitz   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Make my voice heard: Lesson 2: Self portraits
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  • LandscapeThe depiction of natural scenery.
  • Leo Baxendale  Leo Baxendale was a famous publisher and cartoonist who worked from the 1950s until 2017.     He created characters and comic strips that are now part of comic history, such as the Beano Comic, The Bash Street Kids, Little Plum, Minnie the Minx and The Three Bears. He later developed his own comics and publications.     His influences included the cartoonist Carl Giles and the Warner Bros cartoon films.     There are statues of some of his comic creations in Dundee, Scotland.    Baxendale was the second person inducted into the British Comic Awards Hall of Fame, in 2013. He was described as having created “a lifetime of original, anarchic, hilarious and revolutionary comics” and having had an “incalculable” influence on children and comic artists.   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Leo Baxendale   Kapow Primary: Art: KS1:Y2: Sculpture and mixed media: Drawing expressions
  • Louis Wain  Louis Wain was one of the most popular commercial illustrators in the history of England.  He began his career working for magazines in the Victorian era, drawing animals and landscapes. He was born in London in 1860.   Louis Wain continued to draw, right up until he died in 1939.   He drew his famous cat images with watercolour, pencil, pen, and ink.  Critics have described his style as Realism, Representation, Naturalism, and Traditional.   During his wife’s illness, Louis spent a lot of time with her and their adopted black and white kitten Peter and made many sketches of the kitten. Louis cites Peter as a major influence on him “To him properly, belongs the foundation of my career, the developments of my initial efforts, and the establishing of my work”.   He also created the cinema’s first animated cat, Pussyfoot, in 1917 – a precursor to Felix, Tom (Tom and Jerry), Robert Crumb’s Fritz, and, more recently, Stimpy and The Simpsons’ Scratchy. Find out more about Louis Wain:  

      Kapow Primary has a lesson inspired by Louis Wain: Link: KS1 Y1 Skills: Learning about Louis Wain  

  • Louise BourgeoisLouise Bourgeois was French/American artist who was a painter, printmaker and sculptor.  She worked right until her death at the age of 98 in 2010.   Louise produced work that was similar to both Abstract Expressionism and Surrealism but was not a part of any artistic movement.   Her childhood influenced much of her work. Her artist friends who had an influence on her art and her thinking about art, included Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko and Willen de Kooning.   The autobiographical content of her work can also be seen in the work of Tracey Emin and Bruce Naumann. Louise’s giant spider sculpture ‘Maman’ was installed for the opening of the Tate Modern Gallery in the year 2000, see LINK: ‘Maman by Louise Bourgeois ‘ on the Tate website.  NB before showing this link to children, do check the suitability of the images on the page for your class.   Kapow Primary lessons inspired by Louise Bourgeois   Kapow Primary Art: KS1: Y1: Sculptures and collages: Giant spider model part 1 Kapow Primary Art: KS1:Y1: Sculptures and collages: Giant spider model part 2
  • Luz Perez OjedaLuz is a contemporary artist, born in Venezuela, but living and working in France.   Her work is digital collage photography and kinetic prints.   She was influenced by her parents, both artists in Venezuela, and by optical artist Carlos Cruz Diez   She was inspired and influenced by the American photographer William Klein and is a big fan of Andy Warhol.     Find out more about Luz Perez Ojeda   Link: Luz Perez Ojeda luzperezojeda.net   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Luz Perez Ojeda   Link: Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y4: Design: Optical illusions
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  • Magdalene Odundo  Dame Magdalene Odundo DBE (born 1950) is a contemporary Kenyan-born British studio potter and artist.   She works mainly with the coil technique using clay and building by hand. She has also worked in hot glass.   She uses the same types of techniques used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans and likes to take inspiration from countries such as Kenya, Uganda, China, and Mexico. Magdalene draws and sketches and is inspired by what is around her.   Grayson Perry also works using strong ceramic forms using the hand coil process. He also plans his work through drawing and sketching.   Magdalene Odundo has written a book: ‘The journey of things’   Find out more about Dame Magdalene Odundo   Link: ‘Magdalene Odundo’ on the British Council visual arts website   Link: ‘Magdalene Odundo’ on the Artsy website   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Madalene Odundo   Kapow Primary: Art: KS2: Y5: Every picture tells a story: Magdalene Odundo
  • Mark WallingerMark Wallinger is a contemporary British artist known for his multi-media paintings and sculptures.    His work often addresses a number of social issues including class and war. His diverse work addresses political issues.   Mark is influenced by events by contemporary events and culture. He has said that he is inspired by the work of William Blake.   He is a part of the Artists in Residence in Schools charity and so influences the young people that he works with through the charity.   Find out more about Mark Wallinger   Link: ‘Mark Wallinger’ on Artnet   Link: ‘Ecco Homo’ on the St Paul’s website   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Mark Wallinger   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Make my voice heard: Clay sculpture
  • Max Ernst  Max Ernst was German-born painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet and key artist of the 20th century.  He was born in 1891 and died in 1976.     His work was part of the Dada and Surrealist art movements.     He was influenced by the works of Picasso, Van Gogh and Gauguin.     He had a particularly strong influence on Abstract Expressionism, including painters Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning.   Find out more about Max Ernst   Link: ‘Max Ernst’ on Google Arts & Culture   Link: ‘Max Ernst’ on The Guggenheim website   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Max Ernst   Kapow Primary Art: KS1:Y2: Formal elements of art: Texture 2: Frottage
  • Mixed mediaUsing lots of different art materials to make one piece of work
  • Modern ArtArtwork made between the 1860s and the 1970s
  • Monet  Claude Monet was a French painter who was active as an artist from the 1860’s until his death in 1926.   Monet was the leading light in the Impressionist art movement. His work celebrated colour, light, and nature, always from direct observation, from portraits to water lilies to landscapes and river scenes.   He was influenced by fellow Impressionists, and by artists such as Eugene Boudin and Edouard Manet. His own work and use of colour inspired many, including Vincent Van Gogh, Henri Matisse, and Pierre Bonnard.   Similar Impressionistic painters were Alfred Sisley, Mary Cassat, Berthe Morisot and in more recent times, the television/internet painter Bob Ross.     Find out more about Claude Monet   Link: ‘Claude Monet’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Claude Monet’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Claude Monet   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Art & Design skills: Impressionism
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  • Nancy McCroskey  Nancy McCroskey is a contemporary American ceramic artist.   She is best known for her ceramic wall murals with abstract shapes and patterns and using Typography.    Her work is influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement. She is inspired by flowers and animals, maps, and lettering/typography.   Her pattern design work is similar to that of William Morris.   Find out more about Nancy McCroskey   Link ‘Nancy McCroskey’ on www.nancymccrosky.com   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Nancy McCroskey    
  • Narrative  Storytelling through pictures
  • New British Sculpture MovementYoung British sculptures in the 1980’s
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  • Optical illusionAn image that tricks your eyes and brain so you see something different from the actual image
  • OverprintingPrinting over the top of a print
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  • Pablo PicassoPicasso is of the most well-known artists of the twentieth century who died in 1973.   He was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France.   He worked in many different styles, called his ‘periods’ such as ‘the blue period’, ‘the rose period’ and more. Picasso co-founded the Cubist movement, exhibited with the Surrealists, and worked as a collage artist and sculptor.   Picasso had many influences from Delacroix to Cezanne and African art. Pablo Picasso was influenced by his father’s artwork in his early years as his father was an artist.   Georges Braque worked in a similar way. Contemporary artist Alexandra Nechita is known as ‘The little Picasso’.   Find out more about Pablo Picasso   Link: ‘Pablo Picasso’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Pablo Picasso’ on Google Arts & Culture     Kapow Primary lessons referring to Pablo Picasso   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Make my voice heard: Guernica 1   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Make my voice heard: Guernica 2
  • PatternA repeated decorative design.
  • Paul Cézanne  Paul Cézanne was a French painter.  He was born in 1839 and died in 1906 at the start of the 20th century.   He was a Post-Impressionist painter whose subjects ranged from landscapes to still lives and the human form.   His unique method of building form with colour and his analytical approach to nature influenced the art of the Cubists, and the Fauves art movements. Pablo Picasso was much influenced by Cezanne. Cezanne himself was influenced by his fellow painter Camille Pissarro.   His influence can be seen in the work of Giorgio Morandi, Maurice Denis, and Emile Bernard.   Find out more: Link: ‘Paul Cézanne’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Paul Cézanne’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lessons referring to Paul Cézanne:   Art: Link: Y4 Art and design skills: Paul Cézanne   Art: Link: KS2: Y6: Still life composition   Art: Link: KS2: Y6: Charcoal still life   Art: Link: KS2:Y6: Still life in colour   Art: Link: KS2: Y6: Skills: Painting: Impressionism
  • Paul KleePaul Klee was a German artist who was born in Switzerland in 1879 and died there in June 1940. He was a soldier in the first world war.   He was a colleague of the Russian painter, Wassily Kandinsky.   Although he was influenced by cubism, expressionism, abstractionism and surrealism,  his style was unique.  He experimented with different media, colours and styles, including pointillism. He wrote about art and taught at a famous school of art and Bauhaus school of architecture.   Find out more about Paul Klee   Link: ‘Paul Klee’ on Google Arts & Culture   Link: ‘Paul Klee’ on WikiArt   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Paul Klee   Kapow Primary: Art and design: KS2:Y5: Art and design skills: Drawing a walking line
  • Paula Rego  Paula Rego is a contemporary painter and printmaker born in Portugal in 1935 but she lives and works in London. She is a Dame of the British Empire.   Her paintings are figurative and often based on fairy stories she heard from her grandmother as a child and from storybooks. She was part of the London Art Group alongside David Hockney.   Dame Paula was greatly influenced by Surrealism and the artist Joan Miro.    Alice Neel paints in a similar way.   Find out more about Paula Rego   Link: ‘Paula Rego’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Paula Rego’ on Google Arts and Culture   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Paula Rego   Link: Kapow Primary Art: KS2:Y4: Every picture tells a story: The dance 
  • Peder Severin Krøyer  Peder Severin Krøyer was a Danish painter who worked mainly between 1870 and 1909.   He was an Impressionist painter specialising in portraits, local life, landscapes, and seascapes.   When studying in France he was greatly influenced by the artists Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edouard Manet.   Despite partially losing his eyesight the last ten years of his life, he continued to paint. Find out more about Peder Severin Krøyer Link: ‘Peder Severin Krøyer’ on Google Arts & Culture Link: ‘Peder Severin Krøyer’ on WikiArt Kapow Primary lesson referring to  Peder Severin Krøyer   Art: KS1Y1; Landscape (seaside theme)   Art:KS1LY1: Landscapes: Shades and colours   Art:KS1:Y1: Landscapes: Beach collages
  • Peter Kennard  Peter Kennard is a contemporary British photographer, who is also involved in teaching and research.   His work uses photography and montage to create striking images which have a political and social issue message.   Peter has often worked in collaboration with writers, photographers, filmmakers, and artists such as Peter Reading, John Pilger and Jenny Matthews, who have influenced his own work and message.   Similar artists with political messages include John Heartfield, George Selley, Lincoln Agnew, and Martha Rosler.   Find out more about Peter Kennard   Link: ‘Peter Kennard’  on his website   Link: ‘Peter Kennard’ on the Tate website   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Peter Kennard   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Photography: Photomontage
  • PhotorealismA painting that is so detailed it looks like a photograph
  • Pierre-August RenoirPierre-Auguste Renoir was a French artist who was most active between the 1860s and his death in 1919.   Renoir’s work was of the Impressionist style. He painted people, real-life events, family, full of sparkling colour and light. He was greatly influenced by artists Camille Corot, Gustave Courbet and Edouard Manet.  Alongside the artist Claude Monet, he was very influential in creating Impressionism style art.  Pierre Bonnard, Henri Matisse and Maurice Denis were all admirers and collectors of his work.   Find out more about Renoir   Link: Pierre-August Renoir on Google Arts & Culture   Link: Pierre-August Renoir on WikiArt   Kapow Primary lessons featuring Pierre-August Renoir   KS1Y1: Landscapes using different media: (seaside theme)   KS1Y1: Landscapes: Shades and colours of the sea   KS2: Y6: Impressionism      
  • Pieter Bruegel  Pieter Bruegel (the Elder) was a painter in the Netherlands in the mid-sixteenth century. He was also an engraver.    He created his own style which is often described as Gothic. His compositions are incredibly detailed and are narratives of real life or from fables and stories.    Pieter’s work influenced the Artists who worked in the Dutch Golden Age.    His work is similar to the work of Hieronymus Bosch, also a Dutch painter.    He is known as Breugel the Elder as his son, Breugel (also an artist) is known as the “younger”.   Find out more about Pieter Brueghel (the Elder)   Link: ‘Pieter Bruegel’ on Wikiart   Link: ‘Pieter Bruegel’ on Google Art & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Pieter Bruegel   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y4: Every picture tells a story: Children’s games    
  • Pop ArtA simple style using bright colours and everyday objects
  • Primary coloursColours which cannot be created by mixing other colours
  • PrintingA design is made on a surface which can then be transferred using ink
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  • Raoul Haussman  Raoul was an early 20th-century Austrian artist, one-time partner of Hannah Hoch, active from the 1920’s until his death in 1971.   He was a key figure in the Dada art movement, with his experimental photographic collages, sound poetry and critical writings.   He was influenced by other Dadaists and his own photomontage work had a big influence on Kurt Schwitters, Hannah Hoch, El Lissitsky and Russian Constructivism.   Artists who work in a similar way include Peter Kennard, John Heartfield, Lola Dupre.   Find out more about Raoul Haussman   Link: ‘Raoul Haussman’ on Artnet   Link: ‘Raoul Haussman’ on the musee-rochechouart website     Kapow Primary lesson referring to Raoul Haussman   Kapow Primary Art: KS2: Y6: Photography: Photomontage  
  • Renata Bernal  Renata Bernal is a contemporary artist, born in Germany and working in the USA since the 1950s. She is now retired.   Her work is abstract and very much about colour. In the late 1960’s she began experimenting with an acrylic airbrush to create paintings of flat smooth luminous colour. She continued with this new direction well into the 1990s.   The slick style of graphic art has influenced Renata Bernal’s work.   Beatriz Milhazes also uses colour and circles as does Renata Bernal. Fiona Rae also uses similar colour palettes and shapes.   Renata has been cited as an influence on modern textile print designs.   Find out more Link: ‘The artwork of Renata Bernal’ on www.renatabernal.com   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Renata Bernal   Link:KS1 Y1 Art and design skills; Experimenting with media
  • Repeating patternA repeated design or recurring sequence which creates a pattern
  • Repeating patternsA repeated design of sequence which creates a pattern
  • Roy Lichtenstein  Roy Lichtenstein was a leading figure in the new Pop Art movement during the 1960s along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and James Rosenquist among others.   His work (painting, sculpture, and print) was inspired by comic strips, including Disney, and popular advertising imagery and words. His work used Ben Day dots; a technique used in printing comic books.    Artists who have similar Pop Art styles include Andy Warhol, Greg Guillemin, and Damien Hirst (dots).    Prices for his artwork have set auction records.   Find out more about Roy Lichtenstein   Link: ‘Roy Lichtenstein’ on WikiArt   Link: ‘Roy Lichtenstein’ on Google Arts & Culture   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Roy Lichtenstein   Link: Kapow Primary: Art: KS1:Y2: Sculpture and mixed media: Superheroes 1   Link: Kapow Primary: Art: KS1: Y2: Sculpture and mixed media: Superheroes 2
  • RubbingA copy of the texture of an object made by placing a piece of paper over it and then rubbing the paper with drawing materials
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  • Sam Francis  Sam Francis was an American painter and printmaker who was highly active in the 1960’s onwards. He died in 1994.   He is known as Colour Field/Abstract Expressionist painter.   Sam was very interested in colour and how paint was applied, often using drips, splatters, and applying pigment with paint rollers alongside more traditional materials.   He also used large scale printmaking.   Sam was influenced by Mark Rothko, Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, Joan Mitchell, and Helen Frankenthaler.   Find out more about Sam Francis   Link: ‘Sam Francis’ on WikiArt   Kapow Primary: Art: LKS2: Y4: Sculpture: Making drums from recycled materials
  • SculptureA 3D (solid) piece of artwork.
  • Secondary coloursColours made by mixing two primary colours together
  • Self-portraitA drawing or painting which the artists makes of their own face or body
  • ShadeTo add black to a colour to make it darker
  • ShapeThe form of an object.
  • SketchA rough first drawing which helps you to plan your work  
  • SketchingA fast and light style of drawing which may not be completely accurate
  • SlipA thick mixture of water and clay used to join pieces of clay together
  • Sokari Douglas CampSokari Douglas Camp was born in Nigeria and is now based in London, Sokari is a contemporary artist.   She is a sculptor, who works mainly with steel. Her work is figurative, and she also uses text and messages. Her work often has a political message about (for example) damage done to the Niger Delta by oil pollution.    She is influenced by Kalabari (an area of Nigeria where she was born) heritage, Nigerian cultures and the life and culture of the UK. She has cited William Blake as an influence on her work.   Find out more about Sokari Douglas Camp   Link: ‘Sokari Douglas Camp’s website’   Kapow Primary lesson inspired by Sokari Douglas Camp   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y4: Sculpture: Sokari Douglas Camp
  • SurrealismAn Art movement where artists painted from their imagination. The images look as though they are from a dream
  • Susan BeatriceSusan (Sue) Beatrice is a contemporary artist and sculptor/maker.   She recycles old vintage watch parts and turns them into sculptures.   Nature was her first inspiration and she started to make and sell art (painted rocks) at the age of 10.   She is known as a Steampunk artist and maker.  Steampunk has influenced fashion, style and science fiction movies.   Artists who also make steampunk sculptures include Edouard Martinet, Brian Mock, Stephane Halleux and Igor Verney.  

    Find out more about Sue Beatrice

      Link: ‘The artwork of Sue Beatrice’ on All Natural Arts Kapow Primary lesson referring to Sue Beatrice   Art:KS1:Y1: Scultures: Junk model animals

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  • TemplateA stencil you use to help you draw the same shape more easily on to different materials.
  • TessellationAn arrangement of shapes close together in a repeated pattern, without gaps or overlapping
  • TextileCloth or fabric
  • ToneThe lightness or darkness of something
  • Tudor style houseMany houses in Tudor times were half timbered. This means that they had a wooden frame and the spaces between were filled with small sticks and wet clay.
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  • Van Gogh  Vincent Van Gogh was a Dutch artist born in 1853.  He spent most of his time painting and drawing in France. He actually started painting in Belgium, spent time in London, and then moved to the south of France.   Vincent was a post-Impressionist painter and most of his work was created between 1881 and 1889.   He had many influencers, initially from artist Peter Paul Rubens, as well as a lifetime love for Japanese art. Later in life, he worked alongside Paul Gauguin and they influenced one another.   His use of colour influenced Henri Matisse, and the German Expressionist painter Emil Nolde said that Vincent had influenced his own paintings.   He was not famous in his lifetime.   After his death in 1889,  his brother Theo and Theo’s wife, Johanna, promoted his work.   Many of his paintings are very well known, particularly his paintings of sunflowers.   Van Gogh’s paintings are amongst the world’s most expensive paintings. In 1990, his portrait of Doctor Gachet sold for 82 million dollars.   Find out more about Vincent Van Gogh   Link: ‘Vincent Van Gogh’ on WikiArt Link:‘Vincent Van Gogh’ on Google Arts & Culture Kapow Primary lessons referring to Vincent Van Gogh   Art:Ks1:Y1: Landscape (beach textures)   Art:KS1:Y1: Landscapes using different media (painting over texture)   Art:Ks1:Y1: Landscapes (beach collage)   Art:KS2:Y6: Impressionism
  • Vija CelminsVija Celmins was born in Latvia.  She has lived and worked in the USA since 1948 when she arrived aged ten as a refugee with her family.   She is known as a photorealist, as her paintings and drawings are of natural environments and phenomena such as the sea, constellations, rocks, and spider webs.   Early in her career, the artists Malcolm Morley and Jasper Johns influenced her work, while Giorgio Morandi and his monochromatic still life paintings have been an influence throughout her career.   Her work is often seen as similar to that of Chuck Close and Gerhard Richter.   Find out more about Vija Celmins and her work on Link: Vija Celmins on the Tate website.   Kapow Primary lesson that refers to Vija Celmins   Link: KS1: Y1: Formal elements of art: Lesson 3: Line 2: Making waves
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  • Walt Disney  Walt Disney was an American, animator, writer, voice actor and film producer and a pioneer of animation.   His cartoon creations were fun characters, often based around animals, such as Mickey Mouse (originally known as Mortimer Mouse), Donald Duck, and The Three Little Pigs.   His own influencers were the cartoons of Mutt and Jeff and Koko the Clown. When young, he often copied the cartoons of Ryan Walker.   Walt Disney was one of the most influential Americans of the 20th century, especially for the impact his films, animation, comic strips, documentaries, songs, and theme parks had across the world.   Find out more about Walt Disney   Link: ‘Walt Disney’ on the website of Walt Disney.org   Kapow Primary lesson referring to Walt Disney   Kapow Primary Art: LKS2: Y3: Art and design skills: drawing: my toy story    
  • WarpThe threads running top to bottom (longitudinally)
  • WeaveInterlacing threads going in one direction with other threads that are at a right angle to them
  • WeftThe threads running side to side (laterally – weaving over and under the warp threads)
  • William MorrisWilliam Morris was a British textile designer, poet, writer, translator, and socialist activist in the 19th century. He is famous for his use of pattern which often uses floral motifs. He is best known as a designer of the Arts and Craft Movement and designed wallpapers and textiles carpets, embroideries, tapestries, tiles, and book designs. He was influenced by his friend, the painter William Burne Jones, and writer and artist John Ruskin. Through his work, he had a major influence on the philosophy of ‘art for the people’ so that everyone had access to good design and beautiful objects, not just the rich.   Find out more about William Morris   Link: ‘William Morris’ on WikiArt   Link:‘William Morris’ on the V&A website   Kapow Primary lessons that refer to William Morris   Kapow Primary: Art and design: KS1: Y1: Sculptures and collages: Plant collages   Kapow Primary: Art and design: UKS2: Y6: Art and design skills: Craft: Zentangle printing
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  • YBA’sYoung British Artists who dominated the art scheme in the UK in the 1990’s

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Kapow Primary